I’m a photography hobbyist. Quite a newbie so far! I’ve come across the method of schlieren photography some time ago. As for my hobbies, I am mainly interested in sound and acoustics. I am currently tasked with improving the acoustics in a club. One major part is to figure out where sound gets reflected, and find dispersion patterns. It’s fairly difficult without visualizing it somehow and among other things I have started looking at schlieren photography. I know it can visualize minute changes in sound pressure, and apparently there’s been some research into it:
Schlieren Photography of Sound Waves,
F. D. Carlson, K. C. Clark and J. C. Eisenstein,
Electro‐Acoustic Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 17 , 101 (1945)
(I haven’t been able to locate this paper thus far)
I would like to create a map of the whole floor with the schlieren technique (is this even possible? feasinble?), showing wave dispersion patterns.
The question is: what’s the minimal budget for performing schlieren photography in this setting? I understand the mirror in itself is very expensive. I would likely be photographing from 3-4 meters away, and would like to cover a lot of ground (maybe 40×10 meters), so maybe the mirror doesn’t have to be that perfect. I would like to see how the sound waves change at around 1.80 meters above ground (that’s where our ears are just about). I understand I could take multiple photos and stitch them together. What is the best way to go about performing this project inexpensively (if that’s at all possible)? I understand a parabolic mirror of 15 cm diameter is about $100 online, but I wonder if photographing from further away would allow me to use a less exact mirror, and maybe make one out of pieces of flat mirror. A 15 cm mirror would mean a huge amount of photos and stitching.
I assume I could do stitching because the sound waves come from a generator and always disperse in the same way. I could rig a trigger circuit so that the successive photos always happen in the same exact moment when a specific point in the test signal is being played back – therefore always capturing the same moment in the dispersion pattern, which evolves every time as the same sound is being played back over and over, but will always be the same e.g. 10.0000 seconds into the sound.
I would almost certainly approach a local photography specialist (even if just because I don’t have the right gear for this), but first need to know: does this make even remote sense, and is this possible without spending tens of thousands on a huge mirror?
P.S. I know you can make room simulations – they don’t work for me as the room is very complex. I also know of this long-exposure technique: http://blog.modernmechanix.com/neon-lamp-traces-sound-waves-picture/ but it’s very time-consuming.
P.S. maybe one of the other members could add the “schlieren” tag to this question.